A Bayesian Theory of Games 350

A Bayesian Theory of Games:

Iterative Conjectures and Determination of Equilibrium

Author: Dr Jimmy Teng


Print (paperback):         ISBN: 978-1-909287-76-1

Recommended price:  £35.00/US$56.00/€42.00/$Australian59.00/$Canadian57.00


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ISBN (digital PDF):         978-1-909287-85-3

Recommended price:     £35.00/US$56.00/€59.00/$Australian59.00/$Canadian57.00

 A Bayesian Theory of Games



A Bayesian Theory of Games introduces a new game theoretic equilibrium concept: Bayesian equilibrium by iterative conjectures (BEIC). The new equilibrium concept achieves consistencies in results among different types of games that current games theory at times fails to. BEIC requires players to make predictions on the strategies of other players starting from first order uninformative predictive distribution functions (or conjectures) and keep updating with Bayesian statistical decision theoretic and game theoretic reasoning until a convergence of conjectures is achieved. In a BEIC, conjectures are consistent with the equilibrium or equilibriums they supported and so rationality is achieved for actions, strategies and beliefs and (statistical) decision rule. Given its ability to typically select only a unique equilibrium in games, the BEIC approach is capable of analyzing a larger set of games than current games theory, including games with noisy inaccurate observations and games with multiple sided incomplete information games.

Key Features

• Provides a unified and consistent analysis of many categories of games.

• Its solution algorithm is iterative and has good computation properties.

• Can analyze more types of games than current existing games theory.

• The equilibrium concept and solution algorithm are based on Bayesian statistical decision theory.

• In the new equilibrium, rationality is achieved for action, strategy, belief (both prior and posterior) and decision rule.

• Beliefs are the results of optimization exercises of players.

• Uses first order uninformative conjectures and reaction functions to derive higher and higher orders of conjectures until a convergence of conjectures is achieved.

• Has great application value for it could solve many types of games and could model beliefs.


Games theorists, decision theorists, economists, mathematicians, statisticians, operational researchers, social scientists, management researchers, public policy researchers, computer scientists.

ISBN (print):                 978-1-909287-76-1

ISBN (ebook):              978-1-909287-77-8

Publication date:          October 2013

Territorial rights:           worldwide

Number of pages:        100

Size (print):                  234mm x 156mm

Readership:                 university and professional

BIC2 code(s):              PBUD, PB

BISAC code(s):           MAT011000, MAT000000






About the author


Sequential games with incomplete information and noisy inaccurate observation; introduction; an inflationary game; Bayesian iterative conjectures algorithm as a Bayes decision rule; conclusions

Sequential games with perfect and imperfect information; introduction; the Bayesian iterative conjecture algorithm, sub-game perfect equilibrium and perfect Bayesian equilibrium; solving sequential games of incomplete and perfect information; multiple-sided incomplete information sequential games with perfect information; conclusions

Simultaneous games; introduction; complete information simultaneous games; BEIC and refinements of Nash equilibrium; simultaneous games with incomplete information; conclusions










Dr Jimmy Teng currently teaches at the School of Economics of the University of Nottingham (Malaysia Campus). He is the author of many articles and two books. He received his economics PhD from the University of Toronto. He also earned a PhD in political Science and a MS in statistics from Duke University. He previously held research and teaching positions in Academia Sinica, National Taiwan University and Nanyang Technological University.



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